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Sierra de Pinos: Juan Diaz de Leon “El Viejo”

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By jrefugioghermosillo - Posted on 13 February 2016

Hola primos y primas,

I descend from Juan Diaz de Leon “El Viejo” and Francisca de Ortega, through their son, Juan Diaz de Leon “El Mozo,” and his marriage to Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor. From them, I descend from 2 sons: Jacinto Diaz, m. Sebastiana Gil, and Joseph Diaz, m. Antonia Delgadillo, the 2 lines reconnecting with the marriage of their grandchildren, Andres Diaz de Leon-Duron and Maria Estefania Carrillo-Diaz de Leon.

Recently, I came upon some notary records, which might establish when this family first settled in Sierra de Pinos. I thought I might share them here, for review and discussion.

First, though I have later generations well-documented, I don’t have a hard fix on the first. According to Don Jaime Holcombe, in his Varias Cartas (p. 171), Juan Diaz de Leon and Francisco Ortega had seven offspring:

a. Maria de Ortega, m. Hernan Perez de Mojica. With issue.
b. Pedro Diaz de Leon, b. 1615-1619. Testigo on various IM’s in Pinos, possibly married to Josefa de Santiago, with issue.
c. Juan Diaz de Leon “El Mozo”, m. Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor, md 17 Aug 1648, Pinos. With issue.
d. Antonio Diaz de Leon, b. 26 May 1621, Pinos. (Holcombe)
e. Antonia Diaz de Leon. (Holcombe)
f. Luis Diaz de Leon. (Holcombe)
g. Joseph Diaz de Leon, b. 13 Jun 1630, Pinos (Holcombe); was a testigo 21 Dec 1648, age 20.

I’ve only found records for four (a, b, c & g); would anybody have anything else on this family group?

BIRTH OF JUAN DIAZ DE LEON EL VIEJO

From 2 IM’s for which he was a witness, we can establish that Juan Diaz de Leon was born around 1580:

10 May 1650 IM for Joseph Gonzalez and Anna de Casteñeda; Juan Diaz de Leon El Viejo (as he’s listed) gave his age as “around 70” (ca. 1580). Left image:
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939N-B75W-C?mode=g&i=133&wc=3PS9-W38

21 Feb 1651 IM for granddaughter, Antonia Perez Mojica and Gines Carrion; his age is given as “over 60” (before 1591). Left image:
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939N-B75N-3?mode=g&i=90&wc=3PS9-W38

MINE & LAND REGISTRATIONS

In the San Luis Potosi Registros de Minas 1604 Exp 1-5, on 1 Mar 1604, Juan Diaz de Leon files claims on no less that 7 mines, located in Pinos. Credible witnesses present were Jorge Leal, Diego Delgado and Maria Fernandez Pinto. Other miners/individuals named are Francisco Gonzalez, Antonio Gutierrez?, Leonor de Segura, Julian de Santa Maria, Diego Camacho, Juan de Morales, Juan Ruiz de Roza, Maria de Ortega, Juan del Campo, Francisco Lopez, Pedro Anrrq.z?, and Juan Dias.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G58X-S7DY

On the same roll, from a document dated 27 Oct 1604, Juan Diaz de Leon registers “a sitio en el Descubrimiento de Nuestra Señora de la Concepcion de Cuzco [de Sierra de Pinos],” with a main house, a compound for Indians, and an ore mill and smelter for his metals; located in la Cieneguilla de las Encinillas, on a water hole, it was bordered by the properties of Jorge Leal, Juliana de Sotomayor, and Julian de Santa Maria.
https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G58X-S74T

This is likely when Encinillas became the family seat of the Diaz de Leon, though Juan Diaz was already in the area, previously: found at the General Archives of the Indies in Sevilla, is a map, dated 12 Nov 1603, of a proposed town, “to be founded on the Goleta plains, 4 leagues from the mines of Nuestra Señora de la Concepcion de Sierra de Pinos.” It shows the proposed layout of a town, with streets, a plaza mayor, and lots, assigned to individuals. One of the lots is assigned to Juan Diaz de Leon (one block south of the main plaza).
Código de Referencia: ES.41091.AGI/27.17//MP-MEXICO,51
Archivo General de Indias
Mapas y Planos
Mapas, planos, etc.: México
Planta de la nueva población que se ha de hacer en los llanos de la Goleta, a cuatro leguas de las minas de Nuestra Señora de la Concepcion de Sierra de Pinos.

I hope you find this information useful, and comments, questions and corrections are welcome.

Gracias y Saludos,
Manny Diez Hermosillo

PS & Historical Note: Even though Real de Minas de Sierra de Pinos was in the jurisdiction of Nueva Galicia, during the first decades of the 1600s, residents still had to file in San Luis Potosi, which was in the jurisdiction of Mexico City. This reflects the historical conflict over the jurisdiction of Sierra de Pinos, between the Audiencias in Mexico and Guadalajara, during the first decades of its founding. These are some of the bureaucratic headaches that our ancestors had to deal with!

Hola primos,

Wow, I started this thread to nail down the 1st generation of the Diaz de Leon, of Sierra de Pinos, and it looks like we’ve done just that!

Mary Lou just uploaded some extractions from the early San Matias, Pinos, baptisms (thanks, again!):
https://www.dropbox.com/sh/yop1j3tqornd0xh/AABnVNtOvuDJtcuW0Gk5vgBHa?oref=e&n=530255072

As expected, among them appear Juan Diaz de Leon and Francisca de Ortega (baptisms for sons Antonio and Joseph), as well as their 3 daughters, Ana, Francisca and Maria de Ortega. Though hard dates aren’t yet posted, years are, and relationships are confirmed. We now know that Ana de Ortega aka Ana Diaz married Juan de Rebolloso, who was likely the same who was a merchant, in early SLP. We also have the birth year of their son, Juan de Rebolloso (1621), who was one of his grandfather’s albaceas.

More to come!
Saludos!
Manny Diez Hermosillo

Manny, this is great news. Im interested in knowing as much as I can about the Diaz de Leons. They were one of the first old families I connected to.

Danny C. Alonso

Hola prim@s,

Most Diaz de Leon’s, born before 1750 and living in Sierra de Pinos and surrounding communities, can be traced back to Juan Diaz de Leon cc Francisca de Ortega, one way or another. Nonetheless, there are still some individuals who have eluded identification. I’ve managed to catch up with some, which I’ll share here, for those of you who may descend from these families.

Santiago Diaz de Leon married Juana de Espitia, aka Juana de Cuenca, on 1 Jun 1674, in Aguascalientes. Their parents aren’t named, and their IM is lost. On their marriage record, he is called Andres Diaz de Santiago, and on other records, he’s listed as Santiago Diaz [de Leon], Andres Diaz, and on one, as Andres Garcia.

From their timeline, Juana de Cuenca y Espitia can be a granddaughter of Antonio de Cuenca and Juana de Espitia, of Aguascalientes, though I still don’t know who her parents are (they aren’t Joseph de Cuenca cc Teresa de Araiza Medina, who had a daughter named Juana, but she married Nicolas Valades).

As for the origin of Andres Diaz, aka Santiago Diaz, my first candidate was Andres, son of Juan Diaz de Leon and Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor, baptized 20 Aug 1653, in San Felipe Apostol, Gto. This makes sense, because several of their children married in Aguascalientes, But then, “Santiago” made me think of a possible connection to Pedro Diaz de Leon cc Josefa de Santiago, which would reconcile his use of “Diaz de Santiago.”

The first clue to his identity came in the form of an IM that Sarod77 located and sent to me: Joseph Miguel Diaz de Leon and Marcela Martina Bernal, 16 Dec 1781, Nra. Sra. de Belen, Asientos. Miguel Diaz was son of Francisco Gordiano Diaz and Micaela Carrillo, and Marcela Bernal was daughter of Vicente Bernal and Gregoria Josefa Diaz: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-DHQQ-7JW?i=590&wc=M6QX-CTP

According to witnesses, the bride and groom were at 5 degrees consanguinity, therefore they didn’t need a dispensation. A tree is given:

Juan Jose Diaz-1-Santiago Diaz
Jacinto Diaz-2-Joaquin Diaz
Andres Diaz-3-Joseph Diaz
Francisco Gordiano Diaz-4-Gregoria Josepha Diaz
Jose Miguel Diaz-5-Marcela Bernal

The groom’s pedigree corresponds with what I had, “Juan Jose Diaz” being Juan Diaz de Leon “El Mozo,” who was married to Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor. Santiago Diaz is said to be his brother, therefore, Santiago Diaz de Leon is son of Juan Diaz de Leon and Francisca de Ortega. But this is not possible, because they had no son named, “Santiago.” Furthermore, from records that I had found, Santiago Diaz had no son named “Joaquin”: Jose Diaz, who was father of Gregoria Josefa Diaz, mother of the bride, was the son of Santiago Diaz and Juana de Espitia. So, the witnesses added a generation. The tree should look like this:

Jacinto Diaz-1-Santiago Diaz
Andres Diaz-2-Jose Diaz
Francisco Gordiano Diaz-3-Gregoria Josefa Diaz
Jose Miguel Diaz-4-Marcela Bernal

This places Santiago Diaz at 1 degree with Jacinto Diaz, meaning they were brothers, and both sons of Juan Diaz de Leon and Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor. He is Andres, baptized 20 Aug 1653, San Felipe Apostol, Gto. ¡GOL!

This also places the bride and groom at 4 degrees, meaning they required a dispensation, though they managed to slip under the radar - for the time being.

A couple of weeks after sending me the first IM, Sarod77 sent me another document, dated 4 Sep 1789, and in San Matias, Pinos, with a note saying that I was right, “there was no Joaquin Diaz.” Apparently, 8 years later, Miguel Diaz and Marcela were censured by the Church, for being at 4 degrees consanguinity. I’m not sure what the outcome was, since a portion of the document is written in Latin, which I don’t understand. Nonetheless, this confirms that Santiago Diaz is the son of Juan Diaz de Leon and Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939N-BSXJ-7?i=633&wc=3P91-DPD&cc=1804458

Case closed. Thank you, to Sarod77, for cracking that one open for us!

Santiago Diaz de Leon and Juana de Espitia had five children that I know of, all born on Encinillas in Sierra de Pinos:

1. Juan Diaz de Leon Espitia, m1. Petronila Muñoz de Pineda, 20 Mar 1700; m2. Ana Manuela Campos, 7 Jul 1740, San Matias, Pinos, Zac.
2. Maria de Espitia Diaz, m. Domingo Gomez Castro, 23 Apr 1703, San Matias, Pinos, Zac.
3. Nicolasa Diaz Espitia, b. 21 Jan 1687, San Matias, Pinos, Zac.
4. Joseph Diaz de Leon Cuenca, b. 10 Apr 1689; m. Maria del Castillo Martin, 02 May 1713, San Matias, Pinos, Zac.
5. Sebastiana Diaz Espitia, b. 9 Apr 1692, San Matias, Pinos, Zac; m. Miguel Monterrubio Olaldes, 9 Nov 1718, Nra Sra de Belen, Asientos, Ags.

Saludos!
Manny Diez Hermosillo

Another mystery has been María de la Encarnación Díaz de León, a resident on Rancho de Las Letras, in Sierra de Pinos. She never married, but she had at least three illegitimate children, born on Letras between 1743 and 1759:

1. Maria Josefa Diaz de Leon, b. 1743, m. Joseph Manuel Santoyo Orzua, 3 Oct 1766, San Matias, Pinos, Zac.
2. Antonia Josefa Diaz de Leon, b. 1748, m. Vicente Diaz de Leon Lopez, im. 16 Sep 1769, San Matias, Pinos, Zac.
3. Joseph Maria Diaz de Leon, b. 28 Oct 1759, San Matias, Pinos, Zac; m. Maria Guadalupe Delgado Perez, 15 Feb 1790, Inmaculada Concepcion, Cienega de Mata, Ojuelos, Jal.

Her pedigree is revealed in the 16 Sep 1769 dispensation for her daughter, Antonia Josefa Diaz’s marriage to Vicente Diaz de Leon, son of Joseph Diaz de Leon and Maria Dolores Lopez de la Cerda: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:9392-6LSD-WP?i=196&wc=12512770&cc=1874591

The bride and groom were at 3 & 4 degrees of consanguinity, his father and her grandfather, both named Joseph Diaz, being 1st-cousins. The groom’s father was son of Joseph Diaz and Antonia Delgadillo, and grandson of Juan Diaz de Leon and Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor. We now have the name of Encarnacion Diaz’s father, which is Joseph Diaz (“El Viejo”), whose father would be a son of Juan Diaz de Leon and Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor, but which son?

The answer came while looking through the San Matias, Pinos confirmations: I found María de la Encarnación, hija de Joseph Diaz and Catalina de Islas, confirmed on 19 Jul 1753: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939N-BKWR-S?i=182&wc=3PS3-HZ7

¡GOL! This Joseph Diaz was son of Jacinto Diaz de Leon and Sebastiana Gil, and Catalina de Islas was daughter of Nicolas de Dios Islas and Josefa Delgadillo, of Nochistlan, Zac. This is the missing piece to the puzzle, now we have the full tree:

Juan Diaz de Leon cc Jacinta Martin de Sotomayor
Joseph Diaz- 1-Jacinto Diaz
Joseph Diaz ”El Mozo”- 2-Joseph Diaz “El Viejo”
Vicente Diaz-3-Encarnacion Diaz
- - - - - - - -4-Antonia Josefa Diaz

I should mention, that the groom’s parents, Joseph Diaz de Leon and Maria Dolores Lopez de la Cerda, were dispensed at 3 degrees, because their grandmothers were sisters (Jacinta Martinez de Sotomayor and Maria de Martinez de Islas de Sotomayor, who were daughters of Andres Martin Camacho de Sotomayor and Maria de Isla).

The brides parents were also dispensed, at 4 degrees, because their great-grandmothers, were sisters (Maria de Isla and Magdalena de Lavezaris, daughters of Benito de la Isla).

There was another Maria de la Encarnacion, who lived on Letras and who had an hijo natural named Esteban Diaz de Leon, who married Nicolasa Becerra on 13 Sep 1733, in Pinos. I don’t know if this is the same Maria de la Encarnacion, since this one is never given a surname, and would’ve given birth to Esteban around 1710, some 30 years before the birth of the next child, and 49 years before the birth of the last. Improbable.

Saludos!
Manny Diez Hermosillo

Thank you Manny for sharing. As you know I also descend from Joseph Diaz de Leon and Antonia Delagadillo (Martinez de Alarcon).
This is a great piece to add to the rompecabezas.

Thanks again,
Rick A. Ricci

Thanks Manny for all the information. I am new to Nuestros Ranchos and it has been a longtime that I wanted to answer to this post. I am searching all the members of the Díaz de León family. Andrés/Santiago did cost me some problem also.
There is another Díaz de León that is causing me problem: Agustina Díaz de León, española, that died on 20th of June of 1773 at Puesto de las Encinillas,jurisdicción del Real de Sierra de Pinos:

https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939N-BM9D-B?i=61&wc=3P9B-T3D%3A147332901%2C147332902%2C151318101&cc=1804458

We can also find her in the Padrones of Pinos of 1764:

https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C9BF-3358-T?i=495&cat=32677

Encinillas was the living place for many years of the Díaz de León Family and she is mentioned next to the families of Francisco Gordiano and Andrés Díaz de León. That might suggest a link with two brothers. I believe that she could have been a daughter of Andrés Díaz de León and Dionisia Durón-Gutiérrez. She is mentioned as viuda when she passed away but I haven’t found any records that might correspond to her on Family search. Do you have any clue on this person?

Thanks!

Tristán

When looking for descendants of Andrés Díaz de León and Dionisia Durón-Gutiérrez it is important to remember that they had numerous children prior to their marriage date.

Rick A. Ricci

Dang, Tristan,

I just looked at your tree - you are PURO Diaz de Leon! How many times? I’m only twice, but the rest of your tree looks like my abuelo’s. Encantado conocerle, primo!

Agustina Diaz de Leon - I haven’t connected her yet. But seeing how she lives between the other children of Andres Diaz cc Dionicia Duron, I think it’s likely she’s also their child. As Rick says, they had 6 children when they married, one, being Geronimo Roman, and I only count four, that I have found, who were born before 1728. Agustina could be the 5th, though it’d still be good to find something to verify it. I’ll keep my eyes open. Here she is in the 1765 padron, if you don’t already have it (right image, right column):
https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939N-BKW3-Z?i=232&wc=MC76-RNG

Phelipe Moran drops off the map, so I wonder if he and Agustina were ever married? I know Paula’s marriage record says she was legitimate, but those aren’t always accurate. Do you have anything on their other children?

Thanks, and great work!
Manny Diez Hermosillo

Manny,
Juan Díaz de León is 11 times my ancestor ! Spanish families were much connected during this time as you know. Concerning Andrés Díaz de León and Dionisia’s children, I was able to identify 6 children for the moment:

- Andrés Díaz de León y Durón-Gutiérrez : Born around 1716 in Asientos and died on 20th of December of 1774 in Palo Alto, jurisdiction of Ciénega de Rincón. He was married to María Estefanía Carrillo y Díaz de León.

- Elena Díaz de León y Durón-Gutiérrez : Born around 1718 and died on 6th of November of 1772 in Encinillas, jurisdiction of Pinos. She had an illegitimate child with Jacinto Díaz de León y de Islas, her cousin. They made a dispensation but I think that the marriage never occurred.

- Francisco Gordiano Díaz de León y Durón-Gutiérrez : Born around 1722 in Asientos and died on 30th of May of 1805 in Asientos. He was married to Margarita Micaela Carrillo de Sandi y de Salcedo.

- Cacilda Díaz de León y Durón-Gutiérrez : Born around 1723 in Asientos and died on 10th of November of 1780 in Encinos, jurisdiction of Sierra de Pinos. She was married to Matías de Castañeda y de Carvajal.

- Antonio Díaz de León y Durón-Gutiérrez : He died on 11th of November of 1752 in Encinillas, jurisdiction of Pinos.

- Nicolasa Díaz de León y Durón-Gutiérrez : She was married to Antonio Díaz Tirado y de Castañeda.

I think that, Antonio and Nicolasa could have been born after 1728. However I didn’t search for her IM for the moment to know her age.

PS : I thought that Geronimo Roman was a previous husband that Dionisia had. I guess that I didn’t read correctly the dispensa for Andrés and Dionisia. Mi español no es tan bueno y no es muy fácil leer actas del siglo 18 jaja

Tristán

Puedo decir que el año de su nacimiento esta alrededor de 1591 según su testamento fechado el 25 de agosto de 1655 en la ciudad de San Luis Potosí, dejo el siguiente fuente y link para su valoración:

"México, San Luis Potosí, registros varios, 1570-1882," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-958X-HHWT?cc=2040013&wc=MXBY-BM9%3A347229501 : 21 May 2014), Protocolos notariales 1655, vol 2 exp 22-27 > image 55 of 58; Archivo Histórico del Estado de San Luis Potosí (San Luis Potosí State Archives, San Luis, Potosí).

"México, San Luis Potosí, registros varios, 1570-1882," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G58X-H6YR?cc=2040013&wc=MXBY-BM9%3A347229501 : 21 May 2014), Protocolos notariales 1655, vol 2 exp 22-27 > image 56 of 58; Archivo Histórico del Estado de San Luis Potosí (San Luis Potosí State Archives, San Luis, Potosí).

"México, San Luis Potosí, registros varios, 1570-1882," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-G58X-H6KV?cc=2040013&wc=MXBY-BM9%3A347229501 : 21 May 2014), Protocolos notariales 1655, vol 2 exp 22-27 > image 57 of 58; Archivo Histórico del Estado de San Luis Potosí (San Luis Potosí State Archives, San Luis, Potosí).

Saludos Familia descendiente de Díaz de León.

Atte. Jean H. Tavera 12va. Generación Descendiente de Juan Díaz de León.

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