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Land Grants in Nueva Galicia during the XVII century

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By Bill Figueroa - Posted on 14 January 2007

From the moment I started researching the history of Aguascalientes, I realized that most of the large haciendas owned by our ancestors were land grants (mercedes de tierras) awarded by the Spanish crown to the early settlers and those who participated in que conquest of Mexico. Land grants were intended to promote agriculture, cattle breeding and mining in the area.

What I would like to know is where documentation on the early land grants is archived. Is it at the Archivo General de la Nación in Mexico City, at the Archivo Histórico de Nueva Galicia in Guadalajara, or at the Archivo General de Indias in Seville? I would like to know if Lope Ruiz de Esparza's "Estancia de Morcenique" was a land grant or if he actually purchased it from someone else. Lope was one of the early settlers of Aguascalientes. Other haciendas and ranches of interest are "San Bartholome" (aka San Bartolo) owned by Luis Tiscareño de Molina, Estancia de "El Agostadero" owned by Pedro Fernández de Vaulus, Labor de Chapultepeque" owned by Miguel López de Elizalde, "San Lorenzo" owned y Juan Bautista Ponce, "San Gerónimo" owned by Gerónimo de Orosco, "La Ciénega de Xiconaque" owned by Christóbal Lozano, Labor de "Los Gallos" owned by Pedro Macías Valadez, "Estancia de San Jacinto del Rincón" owned by Vicente Zaldívar y Mendoza, "El Picacho" owned by Salvador Ruiz de Esparza, etc. etc.

Any information will be greatly appreciated.

Bill Figueroa

Arturo et al,

Thanks for the update. I ordered the same film in January and have been waiting for a very loooooong time. Hopefully it will be here next week (Dallas, Texas). I guess I was right in thinking there weren't many copies around and they were having to make one from the master. It would be great if you could scan the index so we can see what's in it. Approximately how many entries are there? Maybe we can digitize it later. Anyway, I'll let you know when the film arrives so we can exchange notes...

Bill

Bill:

I too have been waiting a very long time for a film that I ordered. I think they are having problems with the new inventory and ordering system that they put in place over the new year.

The film is there on the shelf and available. It normally does not take them more than a couple of weeks to make a copy of the film when it is available in the library so I don't know what the hold up would be other than a mix up in the ordering system.

Anyhow, I have a scanner reserved for an hour and I will scan as many pages of the index as possible. There are thousands of entries since it also includes transfers of land.

I took a look at some of the other films in the collection and it appears that upon independence, the Mexican Imperial government began to copy over the land grant and transfer books of the viceroyalty based on municipality so when you see films with dates like 1584-1820 that is what it is... Unfortunately the description does not state what municipality it is. The original viceroyalty books are purely chronological so they span only a few years.

Just to give you an idea... select grants and trasfers from Book No. 10 (1700-1718)... I was looking for Tlaltenango grants thus the focus on that town:

69. Tlaltenango Juan de Miramontes
76. Tlaltenango Juan de Talamantes
81. Tlaltenango Andres Martin y Antonio Gutierrez del Palacio
89. Tlaltenango
90. Tlaltenango
105. Colotlan Naturales
114. Totatiche Pedro Diaz de Santa Cruz
115. Tlaltenango - Milpillas Diego Banuelos
119. Tlaltenango Vicente de Covarrubias
126. Tlatenango Pedro Avila Caldera
170. Jerez Maria Ortiz de San Pedro
187. Jerez Nicolas Carrillo

Bill:

I too have been waiting a very long time for a film that I ordered. I think they are having problems with the new inventory and ordering system that they put in place over the new year.

The film is there on the shelf and available. It normally does not take them more than a couple of weeks to make a copy of the film when it is available in the library so I don't know what the hold up would be other than a mix up in the ordering system.

Anyhow, I have a scanner reserved for an hour and I will scan as many pages of the index as possible. There are thousands of entries since it also includes transfers of land.

I took a look at some of the other films in the collection and it appears that upon independence, the Mexican Imperial government began to copy over the land grant and transfer books of the viceroyalty based on municipality so when you see films with dates like 1584-1820 that is what it is... Unfortunately the description does not state what municipality it is. The original viceroyalty books are purely chronological so they span only a few years.

Just to give you an idea... select grants and trasfers from Book No. 10 (1700-1718)... I was looking for Tlaltenango grants thus the focus on that town:

69. Tlaltenango Juan de Miramontes
76. Tlaltenango Juan de Talamantes
81. Tlaltenango Andres Martin y Antonio Gutierrez del Palacio
89. Tlaltenango
90. Tlaltenango
105. Colotlan Naturales
114. Totatiche Pedro Diaz de Santa Cruz
115. Tlaltenango - Milpillas Diego Banuelos
119. Tlaltenango Vicente de Covarrubias
126. Tlatenango Pedro Avila Caldera
170. Jerez Maria Ortiz de San Pedro
187. Jerez Nicolas Carrillo

This sounds like a really useful film! I felt a rush of excitement
when I read the bits of the index below, because, who knows? maybe MY
ancestors may be found on it!!!! Marge:)
On Mar 10, 2007, at 3:41 PM, arturoramos wrote:

>
> Bill:
>
> I too have been waiting a very long time for a film that I ordered. I
> think they are having problems with the new inventory and ordering
> system that they put in place over the new year.
>
> The film is there on the shelf and available. It normally does not
> take them more than a couple of weeks to make a copy of the film when
> it is available in the library so I don't know what the hold up would
> be other than a mix up in the ordering system.
>
> Anyhow, I have a scanner reserved for an hour and I will scan as many
> pages of the index as possible. There are thousands of entries since
> it also includes transfers of land.
>
> I took a look at some of the other films in the collection and it
> appears that upon independence, the Mexican Imperial government began
> to copy over the land grant and transfer books of the viceroyalty
> based on municipality so when you see films with dates like 1584-1820
> that is what it is... Unfortunately the description does not state
> what municipality it is. The original viceroyalty books are purely
> chronological so they span only a few years.
>
> Just to give you an idea... select grants and trasfers from Book No.
> 10 (1700-1718)... I was looking for Tlaltenango grants thus the focus
> on that town:
>
> 69. Tlaltenango Juan de Miramontes
> 76. Tlaltenango Juan de Talamantes
> 81. Tlaltenango Andres Martin y Antonio Gutierrez del Palacio
> 89. Tlaltenango
> 90. Tlaltenango
> 105. Colotlan Naturales
> 114. Totatiche Pedro Diaz de Santa Cruz
> 115. Tlaltenango - Milpillas Diego Banuelos
> 119. Tlaltenango Vicente de Covarrubias
> 126. Tlatenango Pedro Avila Caldera
> 170. Jerez Maria Ortiz de San Pedro
> 187. Jerez Nicolas Carrillo

My 3rd great father Mariano Camino was given a land grant for a very large hacienda in Huanusco, Zacatecas: The name of the Hacienda was

Hacienda de Nuestra Senora de La Luz ("La Luz")

It was given to him in the year 1899

I have uploaded the first five pages of the scan of the film. I got about 150 pages scanned though the film is very light and the scans are not always legible.

http://www.nuestrosranchos.com/node/15827

Below is the index of Libro Numero 2 which is from the early 1600s I believe:

Nombres de Agraciados
que aparecen en el Fondo de Tierras y Aguas
del Archivo Publico del Estado de Jalisco

Libro Número 2

Diego Guerra Valadez
Diego Márquez
Pedro y Sebastian Flores de la Torre
Juan Tello de Orozco
Esteban Anda de Altamirano (Aguascalientes)
Ventura y Francisco de Arce y Castillo (Aguascalientes)
Francisco Gómez
Sebastián Macias y Aguilar? (Estancia de Papalote)
Ventura de Navarrete Angulo (Santa María de los Lagos)
Lorenzo Álvarez (Santa María de los Lagos)
Antonio Acosta (Santa María de los Lagos – Estancia del Sauz)
Fulgencio González de Rubalcaba (Santa María de los Lagos – San Bartolomé)
Capitán Jacinto Velásquez (Santa María de los Lagos – San Bartolomé)
Ysidro de Pedroza (Santa María de los Lagos)
Nicolás de Esquivel (Santa María de los Lagos)
Pedro Flores de la Torre (Juchipila)
Diego Bernal (Real de San Sebastián)
Pedro de Placencia
Domingo de Rojas
Fulgencio González de Rubalcaba (Santa María de los Lagos)
Francisco de Márquez y Cordón
Marcial de Alcalá (Lagos – Jalostotitán)
José de la Peña Durán (Aguascalientes)
Maria de Estrada (Aguascalientes)
Alonso Andrade Rueda (Teocaltiche)
José García de la Vera (Juchipila – Nochistlán)
Jacinto y Gregorio Ramírez (Teocaltiche)
Antonio Ygnacio y Nicolás Nava (Purificación – Tomatlán)
Agustín López
Ygnacio Gallardo
Francisco Martín

The oldest information about land grants is found in the Archivo de Instrumentos Públicos de la Propiedad de Guadalajara.

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